How to manage diabetes mellitus


Keeping your blood Sugar levels to the right levels recommended by your doctor can be a herculean task. The most important thing in the management of diabetes is arming yourself with the right information. Awareness is key in the effective management of diabetes. It is important to know those things that make your sugar levels to rise or fall; including how to control these risk factors. There are different factors that could spike or reduce your blood sugar levels. Here are some of them.

1.    Food Whether you are living with diabetes or not, there is no doubt a healthy food can’t be compromised. As such, the food you eat can affect your blood sugar levels negatively. It is not just about the food you eat, it is also about the amount of food you eat and the food combinations. 

Also read  Signs of diabetes mellitus you must know

Also read How to control normal diabetes

Important Advice •   

1. Learn how to count Carbohydrate– find out the portion size of carbohydrate and cut down on excessive carbohydrate intake.

 2.    Exercise – you can’t ignore physical activities if you want to properly manage diabetes. Performing an exercise helps your muscles to use up sugar which is glucose to prduce energy. Undertaking a regular exercise helps your body to make use of insulin in a very efficient manner. This helps in no small ways to lower your blood sugar level. It doesn’t have to be rigorous exercise although rigorous exercise has a longer effect than simple exercise.

 Important Advice •    

Consult the doctor – your exercise plan should be well discussed with your doctor. There is a need to inquire from your doctor what type of exercise suit you perfectly. As general advice, adults should perform at least 30 minutes exercise in a day. 

3.    Medication – the intake of insulin and some other medication is intended to lower your blood sugar level if diet and exercise fail. But for insulin and medication to be effective, you have to strictly adhere to timing and the dosage of medication. Other medications that you take that are not for diabetes can as well affect your blood sugar levels. Important Advice•    Proper insulin storage – ensure that you store your insulin properly. Expired insulin won’t help your condition. Avoid extreme temperatures when storing insulin.

 4. Illness- When you're sick, your body produces stress-related hormones that help your body fight the illness, but they also can raise your blood sugar level. Changes in your appetite and normal activity also may complicate diabetes management.Important advicePlan ahead – Work with your health care team to create a sick-day plan. Include instructions on what medications to take, how often to measure your blood sugar and urine ketone levels, how to adjust your medication dosages, and when to call your doctor.

5. Alcohol- The liver normally releases stored sugar to counteract falling blood sugar levels. But if your liver is busy metabolizing alcohol, your blood sugar level may not get the boost it needs from your liver. Alcohol can result in low blood sugar shortly after you drink it and for as long as 24 hours afterward.Important adviceGet your doctor's OK to drink alcohol. Alcohol can aggravate diabetes complications, such as nerve damage and eye disease. But if your diabetes is under control and your doctor agrees, an occasional alcoholic drink is fine.

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